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Co.Morbidities + ADHD

ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a neuro developmental disorder that commonly occurs during childhood but can persist through adolescence + into adulthood. It is characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity + impulsivity. While these are the core symptoms, individuals with ADHD often experience a range of co-morbidities meaning they have other medical or psychiatric conditions that frequently co-occur with ADHD.

Here are some common co-morbidities associated with ADHD:

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD): ODD is a behavioral disorder characterized by defiance, argumentativeness, and a tendency to purposefully annoy others. It commonly occurs with ADHD, particularly in children.

  • Conduct disorder (CD): CD is a more severe form of disruptive behavior disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of violating the rights of others or societal norms. ADHD is frequently seen alongside CD and individuals with both conditions may exhibit aggressive or antisocial behavior.

  • Learning Disabilities: Children with ADHD often experience difficulties in academic performance.

  • Specific Learning Disabilities (SLDS) such as dyslexia (reading disorder), dyscalculia (mathematics disorder) and dysgraphia ( writing disorder) are more prevalent with ADHD.

Now the ones we see most! All of these are reasons for a good thorough appropriate psychiatric evaluation! Who would disagree?

  • ANXIETY DISORDERS: ADHD + anxiety frequently co-occur. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), Social Anxiety Disorder ( SAD), + panic disorder are among the common anxiety disorders seen in individuals with ADHD. Anxiety can exacerbate symptoms + overall functioning.

  • Mood Disorders: Depression, + bipolar disorder are more common in individuals with ADHD, especially in adolescents + adults. The presence of ADHD can complicate the diagnosis + treatment of mood disorders.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): ADHD + ASH can occur together, + research suggests a significant overlap between the two conditions. The co-occurrence of ADHD + ASD can present unique challenges in terms of social interaction, communication, + behavior.

  • Substance Use Disorders: Individuals with ADHD may be at higher risk of developing substance abuse or dependence issues, particularly during adolescence + adulthood. Impulsivity, sensation-seeking behavior, + difficulties with self-regulation contribute to this increased risk.

The severity + presentation of co-morbid conditions can vary among individuals. This is why it is imperative that you receive a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation + appropriate management.

We at Volare Mind + Wellness are committed to spending the time with you or your loved one to provide that thorough + comprehensive evaluation + appropriate management. We will listen compassionately, empathetically + set you in the direction of success.

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